Trinity College Dublin

Skip to main content.

Top Level TCD Links

Joan Cahill
Research Fellow, Psychology

Biography

Joan has worked as a Senior Researcher and Principal Investigator with the Centre for Innovative Human Systems (CIHS, formerly APRG) since 2005. During this time, Joan has worked on several projects; (1) New Technologies to Support Assisted Living (National Project, Industry/Academia Collaboration, Oneview Healthcare), (2) ProAct (Horizon 2020), (3) the A-PiMod Project (EU Commission, FP7), (4) the Alicia project (EU Commission, FP7), (5) the Wing Walker project (sponsored by Enterprise Ireland) and (6), the HILAS project (EU Commission, FP6). In addition, Joan has worked on several industry/academia collaborations. Before joining TCD, Joan worked for seven years in the area of Human Computer Interaction (HCI) and Information Design, with a range of software companies and HCI consultancies. After finishing a FAS course in Web Design and Development in 1998, Joan worked as an Information Architect/Usability Engineer for ebeon. Between 2000 and 2002, Joan worked as a Usability Engineer/HCI Consultant for Frontend Ltd. Joan also worked as the HCI Manager for Aircraft Management Technologies (AMT), between 2002 and 2004. During the time, Joan led the HCI re-design of AMT's electronic flight bag (EFB) product - Flightman.

Publications and Further Research Outputs

Peer-Reviewed Publications

Cahill, J, McLoughlin, S, Wetherall, S, The specification of new technology to support assisted living (AL) from a biopsychosocial and stakeholder relationship perspective, 2016 International Symposium on Health Informatics and Medical Systems (CSCI-ISHI), , Las Vegas, USA, December 14016, 2016, IEEE Xplore Digital Library - Conference Proceedings Services, 2016 Conference Paper, 2016 URL TARA - Full Text

Cahill J., Morrison, R, Mc Donald N, Lynch D, The Operational Validation of New Cockpit Technologies Supporting All Conditions Operations: A Case Study, Cognition, Technology & Work, Volume 18, ( Issue 3), 2016, p479 - 509 Journal Article, 2016 DOI

Cahill, J., Conroy, P., Tobin, C, Dardis, C., Team cohesion and communications in Surgery: Re-designing the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) to support teamwork, patient safety and Safety 2 practices, Annual Irish Ergonomics Conference , Limerick, Ireland, June 2016, Irish Ergonomics Society, 2016, pp53 - 63 Conference Paper, 2016 URL Handle

Fortmann, F., Cahill, J, Callari, T. Javaux, D., Hasselberg, A. , Developing a Feedback System to Augment Pilots Monitoring Performance, IEEE International Multi-Disciplinary Conference on Cognitive Methods in Situation Awareness and Decision Support (CogSIMA), San Diego, USA, March 2016, 2016, pp166 - 172 Conference Paper, 2016 DOI Handle TARA - Full Text URL

Cullen, P & Cahill J, Understanding pilot well-being and its impact on professionalism and flight safety, and identifying self-management strategies to promote the biopsychosocial pillars of well-being, Human Factors in Aviation Safety Conference, East Midlands Airport, UK, 7-8 November 2016, 2016 Conference Paper, 2016 TARA - Full Text Handle URL

Stroeve, S., Van Doorn, B, A., Cahill, J, A Safety impact quantification approach for early stage innovative aviation concepts: Application to a third pilot adaptive automation concept, SESAR Innovation Days, Delft, The Netherlands, November 2016, EU Commision, 2016, pp1 - 8 Conference Paper, 2016 URL URL

Cahill, J, Callari, T. Javaux, D., Fortmann, F., Hasselberg, A., A-PiMod: a new approach to solving human factors problems with automation , Human Computer Interaction (HCI) International Conference, Toronto, Canada, August 2016, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp269 - 279 Conference Paper, 2016 URL DOI

Joan Cahill, Tiziana C Callari, Stakeholder Involvement in Evaluation: Lessons Learned in the A-PiMod Project, Annual Meeting of the Irish Ergonomics Society, Dublin, June 2015, edited by Chiara Leva , The Irish Ergonomics Society, 2015, pp21 - 36 Conference Paper, 2015 Handle URL

Joan Cahill, Nick McDonald, Gabriel Losa, A socio-technical model of the Flight Crew Task, Human Factors (The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society), Online First Version, 2014, p1 - 27 Journal Article, 2014 URL

Joan Cahill, Tiziana C Callari, A novel Human Machine Interaction (HMI) design/evaluation approach supporting the advancement of improved automation concepts to enhance flight safety, Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Europe Chapter 2014 Annual Conference. ISSN 2333-4959 (online)., Lisbon, October 23, 2014, edited by D. de Waard, J. Sauer, S. Röttger, A. Kluge, D. Manzey, C. Weikert, A. Toffetti, R. Wiczorek, K. Brookhuis, and H. Hoonhout (Eds.) , 2014 Conference Paper, 2014

Cahill, J., McDonald, N. Losa G., Understanding and Improving Flight Crew Performance of the Pre-Flight, Flight Planning and Briefing Task, The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, Volume 23, (Issue 1), 2013 Journal Article, 2013

Cahill J, Redmond P, Yous, S., Lacey, G, Butler, W,, The Design of a Collision Avoidance System for use by Pilots Operating On the Airport Ramp and in Taxiway Areas', Cognition, Technology & Work, Online First , 2012 Journal Article, 2012 DOI

Cahill J., Mc Donald N., Losa G, 'Intelligent Planning and the Design of a New Risk Based, Intelligent Flight Plan', Cognition, Technology and Work, Volume 13. , (Number 1), 2011, p43 - 66 Journal Article, 2011

Cahill J., Morrison, R, Mc Donald N, Operational Analysis/Validation of Future Cockpit Technologies to Support All Conditions Operations. , Irish Egonomics Society, Dublin, Ireland, June 9, 2011, 2011 Conference Paper, 2011

Cahill J., Mc Donald N., Losa G, The Envisionment and Design of an Electronic Briefing Tool, Irish Ergonomics Society, Annual Review, University of Limerick, Ireland, May 2010, 2010 Conference Paper, 2010

Cahill J, Redmond P, Butler, W, Human Computer Action Design (HCI) Methods Supporting the Envisionment, Design and Evaluation of a Collision Avoidance System, IHCI 2010, DCU, Dublin, Ireland, September 2010, 2010 Poster, 2010

M. Chiara Leva, J. Cahill, A. Kay, G. Losa, N. McDonald, The Development of a Unique Report for Performance Monitoring in an Airline Safety Management System, 18th AR2TS symposium, Loughborough, England, 21st - 23rd of April, 2009 Conference Paper, 2009

Maria Chiara Leva, Alison Kay, Joan Cahill, Gabriel Losa, Sharon Keating, Diogo Serradas, and Nick McDonald , Unique Reporting Form: Flight Crew Auditing of Everyday Performance in an Airline Safety Management Syste, Proceedings, Part II. Lecture Notes in Computer Science 5618 , HCI 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 2009, Springer, 2009 Conference Paper, 2009

Leva M.C, Cahill, J., Kay, A., Losa, G. & Mc Donald, N., The Development of a Unique Report for Performance Monitoring in an Airline Safety Management System, Journal of the Safety and Reliability Society, 29, (4), 2009, p17 - 34 Journal Article, 2009

Leva M.C., Kay, A., Cahill J, Losa G., & Mc Donald N, Collaborative prototyping in the development of an accident reporting form, Irish Egonomics Society, Annual Review, June, 2009, 2009 Conference Paper, 2009

M.C. Leva, J.Cahill, A.M.Kay, G.Losa, N.McDonald, The Advancement of New Human Factiors Report- 'The Unique Report' - Faciliating Flight Crew Auditing of Performance/Operations as part of an Airline's Safety Management system , Ergonomics , 2009 Journal Article, 2009

Envisioning Improved Work Practices and Associated Technology Requirements in the Context of the Broader Socio-technical System in, I-tech Publishing , Human Computer Interaction , Vienna, Austria, I-tech Publishing, 2008, [Joan Cahill] Book Chapter, 2008

Cahill J, McDonald N. and Losa G. , Enhancing human performance and overall flight safety through improvements in airline system information flow, 28th Conference of the European Association for Aviation Psychology, Valencia, 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008

Cahill J, Redmond P, Butler, W, Identifying the Human Factors requirements for a collision avoidance system, for use by Pilots on the airport ramp and taxiway areas, IHCI, 2008, Cork, Ireland, September 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008

Cahill, Joan, Methodologies used for the envisionment and design of improved Flight Crew task support tools', Proceedings of the Annual British Psychology (BPS) Conference 2008, Dublin, Ireland, 2-4 April, 2008, 2008 Conference Paper, 2008

Joan Cahill, Nick Mc Donald, Pernilla Ulfvengren, Franklyn Young, Yeray Ramos & Gabriel Losa, HILAS Flight Operations Research: Development of Risk/Safety Management, Process Improvement and Task Support Tools', 7th International Conference, EPCE 2007, Held as Part of HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007. , 2007 Conference Paper, 2007

Joan Cahill & Gabriel Losa, Flight Crew Task Performance and the Design of Cockpit Task Support Tools, European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics 2007 (ECCE 2007) , Covent Garden, London, UK, 28-31 August 2007, 2007 Conference Paper, 2007

Joan Cahill and Nick McDonald , HILAS Flight Operations Research: A New framework for System Performance Monitoring, , International Conference on Human-Computer Interactions in Aeronautics , Seattle USA 20-22 September 2006, 2006 Conference Paper, 2006

Joan Cahill & Nick Mc Donald, Human computer interaction methods for electronic flight bag envisionment and design, Cognition, Technology & Work, 8, (2), 2006, p113 - 123 Journal Article, 2006

Non-Peer-Reviewed Publications

Joan Cahill(ed.), Preventing Aircraft Damage Conference, Human Factors Issues on the Ramp and Wing Watch Project, Dublin, Ireland, 14-16 April 2014, 2014 Proceedings of a Conference, 2014

Research Expertise

Description

Joan's overall research interests include: Human Factors, Cognitive Ergonomics/Human Computer Interaction, Organisational Psychology, Aviation Psychology, Technology in Healthcare and Phenomenology. Specific research interests include: Socio-technical Systems Theory, Human Computer Interaction Theory (e.g. Distributed Cognition, Group Supported Cooperative Work), patient safety, safety/risk management, assisted living, healthcare, technology-based interventions and supports in healthcare, teamwork and the application of non-technical skills in workplace settings, Crew Resource Management (CRM), performance management, well-being, incorporating psychological concepts in the design of new technology, designing technology to support social processes, assistive technologies, cyber-psychology, automation, philosophy of technology, work analysis and human error/reliability.

Projects

  • Title
    • New Technologoies Supporting Assited Living
  • Summary
    • The objective of this research is to advance new Assisted Living (AL) technology enabling independent living and quality of life for elders aged between 55 and 90 years. This research is an industry/academia collaboration and will contribute to specification and validation of a future AL product for seniors. Overall, this research is underscored by several key principles: 1. Technology use/function is predicated on biopsychosocial models of well-being 2. Independence for seniors is linked to interdependence (i.e. support from other actors in personal and professional community) 3. Technology will be developed from the perspective of understanding, modelling and transforming the social, information and healthcare process relationships between seniors and associated stakeholders 4. The research will pay specific attention to issues of user acceptability and ethics (rights based framework), ease of use, and adaptability in relation to age and condition
  • Funding Agency
    • Oneview Healthcare
  • Date From
    • End Sept 2016
  • Date To
    • End Sept 2018
  • Title
    • ProAct
  • Summary
    • This project will advance technology which integrates the four key sub-ecosystems central to understanding patient centric, integrated multimorbidity management - supporting independent living for senior citizens
  • Funding Agency
    • European Commission
  • Date From
    • January 2016
  • Date To
    • January 2019
  • Title
    • Applying Pilot Models for Safer Operations
  • Summary
    • The A-PiMod project addresses improved flight safety by proposing a new approach to human cantered cockpit design, which expands the understanding of the human factor in the joint human-machine system, taking into account increasing levels of operational complexity and new operational concepts (SESAR). The project will advance concepts for a fully adaptive and human cantered automation, through the integration of Pilot behavioural and cognitive models with automation models â€" resulting in the generation of real time inferences about the Pilot state and mental picture. With this capability it will be able to support, in an adaptive and cooperative way, the total set of functions (both human and automation) necessary to the achievement of a safe flight under a performance driven ATM system (SESAR).
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Commision
  • Date From
    • September 2013
  • Date To
    • September 2016
  • Title
    • Alicia
  • Summary
    • ALICIA addresses the ACARE objective of increasing time efficiency within the future air transport system. The aim will be to develop a new and scalable cockpit application which can extend operations of aircraft in degraded conditions - "All Conditions Operations". A key objective will be to deliver an extensible application that can be applied to many aircraft types. This will necessarily entail a new cockpit infrastructure capable of delivering enhanced situation awareness to the crew whilst simultaneously reducing crew workload and improving overall aircraft safety. Specifically Joan's research involves the operational analysis/validation of future cockpit concepts/technologies.
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Commission
  • Date From
    • 2009
  • Date To
    • 2013
  • Title
    • Wing Watch
  • Summary
    • This project is sponsored by Enterprise Ireland - the Irish government organisation responsible for the development and growth of Irish enterprises in world markets. The objective of the WW project is to advance a 'proof of concept' demonstration of a collision warning system, for use by Pilots operating on the airport ramp and in taxiway areas. Following proof of concept, the proposed system will be further developed for other ramp users (i.e. Tow Truck Driver, ATC and Ground Marshaller). The project involves two integrated strands of research. The first strand concerns the identification of the user requirements for the proposed tool and modelling of the associated HCI design concept. The second strand relates to the advancement of the underlying vision based collision detection and avoidance technology, and the allied technical specification and implementation of the proposed system. Primarily, this involves research in the area of visual mapping and robotics. The project commenced in 2007 and is due to finish in 2011. The specific objective of HCI research is (1) to identify the user requirements for a cockpit based version of the proposed system, and (2) to model a preliminary version of the associated HCI design concept.
  • Funding Agency
    • Enterprise Ireland
  • Date From
    • 2007
  • Date To
    • 2011
  • Title
    • HILAS - Human Integration into the Lifecycle of Aviation Systems
  • Summary
    • The HILAS project ran for the last four years (2005 to 2009). The Human Integration into the Lifecycle of Aviation Systems (HILAS) project is part of the Sixth Framework Programme for aeronautics and space research, sponsored by the European Commission. The objective of the HILAS project is to develop a model of good practice for the integration of human factors across the life-cycle of aviation systems. The project contains four parallel strands of work: the integration and management of human factors knowledge; the flight operations environment and performance; the evaluation of new flight deck technologies, and the monitoring and assessment of maintenance operations (HILAS Annex One, 2005). The Flight Operations strand comprises seven European airlines, human factors researchers and technology partners. The critical objective of this strand is to develop and implement a new methodology for monitoring and evaluating overall system performance to support improved information sharing, performance management, operational risk management and process improvement. The project involves a number of phases of research including identifying the requirements for the proposed system, building the system and iterative trailing and evaluation of the system. Joan's research in the HILAS project focused on the Flight Operations Strand. Specifically her research involved identifying the requirements for improved airline processes and technology tools, supporting a number of operational and organisational functions including operations management, performance management, safety/risk management, organisational learning and knowledge integration. As part of this, Joan worked on the development of improved Flight Crew tools, providing a range of task support, performance feedback and reporting functions, linked to the above processes and technology tools.
  • Funding Agency
    • EU Commission
  • Date From
    • 2005
  • Date To
    • 2009

Keywords

Accidents; Aeronautics; Aerospace Technology; Air Transport Technology; Air Transportation; Applied information systems; Applied Psychology; Automation; Aviation Technology; Business Organisation and Processes; Contemporary mental healthcare; Decision support tools; Design Engineering; Distributed systems; ELECTRONIC HEALTHCARE RECORD; Engineering Psychology; Ergonomics; Evaluating health care interventions; Flight Control; HEALTH CARE; Human computer interactions; Human Factors; Human Factors in Engineering; Human-Computer Interaction; Imaging and Computer Vision; Industrial Psychology; Industrial Systems Engineering; Information management; Information systems development; Information Theory; Intelligent agents; Knowledge and data engineering; Knowledge Management; MENTAL-HEALTH-CARE; Multimedia; Nonverbal Communication; Operations management; Organisation design, development, theory, behaviour; Organizational Theory and Behavior; Phenomenology; Safety; Software Engineering; Systems analysis and models development; Systems Engineering; Transport psychology and safety; Transportation; Transportation Engineering

Recognition

Memberships

Member of ACM SIGCHI 2003 – 2017

Safety in Health Systems special interest Group 2016 – 2017


Last updated 4 June 2015 School of Psychology (Email).